Presbyopia - what is it and how to treat it?
Presbyopia is age-related farsightedness that appears in many patients after 40 years. The head doctor of our clinic, doctor of medical sciences, professor Elena I. Belikova has been effectively introducing methods of laser and intraocular correction of presbyopia for more than 10 years. Great experience and scientific research on the correction of presbyopia are reflected in Elena Ivanovna’s doctoral dissertation on the topic "Technology of surgical rehabilitation of patients with presbyopia."
For each patient, we select an individual method for correcting age-related hyperopia. Presbyopia can be treated in various ways. The attending physician will select the most suitable for you after a comprehensive examination.
Bifocal or progressive glasses
The simplest and most affordable method of treating age-related hyperopia is glasses. However, it often happens that in a patient farsightedness is also accompanied by myopia. In this case, doctors recommend special bifocal glasses. There are two zones in their lenses - one for correction of distance vision, and the second for correction near. The minus of bifocal glasses is that they are addictive and in some cases do not help patients older than 60 years.
Therefore, modern ophthalmology offers other solutions to such problems - contact lenses or laser correction.
Multifocal contact lenses
Multifocal contact lenses have been developed especially for those patients who are equally important to see well at all distances: into the distance, near and at medium distances (tablet, computer, car dashboard).
Unfortunately, it should be noted that not all patients with hyperopia have multifocal contact lenses that provide optimal vision correction. Any type of multifocal lenses to one degree or another reduces the contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in poor lighting conditions, and also provokes the appearance of "ghosting" around the objects in question.
All the shortcomings of spectacle and contact correction listed above explain the growing interest every year in surgical methods for correcting presbyopia, which is more comfortable and stable for the patient. Surgical methods have the ability to correct and restore either the very process of presbyopia development, or create mechanisms in the eye that improve the optical system of the eye.
Laser correction of presbyopia
To get rid of senile farsightedness and restore vision to the maximum extent possible today, you can use laser correction - replacing the natural lens with an intraocular lens, which in its properties completely coincides with the natural lens. The operation is quick (within 15-20 minutes) and painlessly - under local anesthesia (drops). The ophthalmosurgeon performs lens replacement through a microscopic section (approximately 1.6 mm) at the site of the pupil.
After the operation, the patient receives high visual acuity in the distance, at an average distance and close with minimal loss in vision quality. Laser treatment of presbyopia is one of the most popular options among our patients. The advantages are obvious: an artificial lens does not change its properties for a hundred years and allows the patient to see equally well in any light without glasses.
Intraocular correction of presbyopia
To get rid of presbyopia and restore vision to the maximum extent possible today, you can use intraocular correction - replacing the natural lens with an intraocular lens, which in its properties completely coincides with the natural lens.
The operation is quick (within 10-15 minutes) and painlessly - under local anesthesia (drops). The ophthalmosurgeon performs lens replacement through a microscopic puncture (approximately 1.6 mm) in the cornea of the eye. After the operation, the patient receives high visual acuity in the distance, at an average distance and close with minimal loss in vision quality. A modern multifocal artificial lens has not changed its properties for a hundred years and allows the patient to see equally well in any light and at any distance without glasses.
In order to choose the method of treating presbyopia that is right for you, go through a comprehensive examination of the organs of vision in the Eye Clinic of Dr. Belikova. Our doctors are always happy to help you defeat presbyopia, like any other ophthalmic disease.