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Laser vision correction

The material has been prepared by

Dr. Elena Belikova, Ph.D.

Myopia, astigmatism or farsightedness now does not mean poor eyesight forever. Laser correction helps to bring back a clear view of the world. In the Eye Clinic of Dr. Belikova, we carry out all modern methods of vision correction, which we select based on the disease and the individual features of your body.

Indications for laser correction

  • Amblyopia or “lazy eye”. When one eye sees worse, and all the visual load is transferred to a healthy eye. At the same time, glasses or contact lenses do not fix the problem.
  • Astigmatism. Blurry vision with "floating" objects, duality, casual headaches.
  • Hypermetropia (farsightedness) .Good distance vision allows you to see the bus number from afar, but poor close vision makes you not be ablt to read the expiration date on a pack of milk
  • Myopia (myopia) .When there is no tension from reading books and watching news feeds on the phone, but it is difficult to parse the text on the signs in the subway
  • Presbyopia. Age-related farsightedness, when you want to move the text in a book or smartphone away, since there is no focus near. Usually occurs since the age of 40.
  • Anisometropia. A poor vision in only one eye or a noticeable difference in the visual acuity of the left and right eyes.
  • Restrictions and difficulties in the use of contact lenses. For example, if you are a troop, a fireman, or work in a chemical industry
  • Just the desire to get rid of uncomfortable glasses and contact lenses.

The visual system of children and adolescents is just being formed, and often vision improves naturally. Therefore, the operation is necessary only after adulthood. However, there are rare cases when an ophthalmosurgeon prescribes a procedure for a patient aged 14-17 years for medical reasons.

How is the laser vision correction going?

  • Анестезирующие капли для глаз

    Anesthetizing drops drip onto the eyeball

  • Зрение центруется с помощью светящейся точки

    Eye is centered using a luminous dot

  • Микрокератомом срезается тончайший слой роговицы толщиной в несколько микрон

    A microkeratome cuts off the thinnest layer of the cornea a few microns thick

  • Получившийся лоскут откидывают в сторону

    The resulting flap is thrown aside

  • 5.png

    Using a laser device, the surface of the cornea is evaporated, correcting its profile

  • Лоскут аккуратно ложится обратно и тут же сам приклеивается

    The flap is neatly putting back

Benefits of Laser Correction

  • Convenient and not painful - treatment is performed on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia with the help of drops 
  • Fast - the laser operation on one eye lasts no more than 30 seconds
  • Immediately after correction, an improvement in vision is felt, and the next day you can start your usual activities - work, study, leisure or driving
  • The effect of the procedure lasts throughout life, but its cost is less than the cost of a stock of contact lenses for two years.

Elena I. Belikova, the head physician of our clinic, is known throughout Russia and in other countries: she has been working in ophthalmology for 30 years. Elena I. is a doctor of medical sciences, professor, and current ophthalmosurgeon, makes many high-tech surgeries in the clinic every day, advises and helps patients find the joy of good vision.

The first step towards recovery is a doctor’s consultation and an examination of the organ of vision. After diagnosis, you will be offered a suitable method of treatment.

We note the characteristics of the body, the age of the patient, habits and even the lifestyle, because all these factors directly affect the result of the operation.

Methods of laser vision correction


The flap is formed by a special microkeratome blade. The corneal curvature change program is prepared in detail by the doctor in advance, noticing the structural features and asphericity of the cornea, pupil size and individual refractive indices. Recommended for patients with astigmatism, wide pupils, drivers, as it allows you to get vision after correction of 120 and 150%

Femto Super LASIK

Suitable for patients with a high degree of hyperopia or nearsightedness, patients with a thin cornea, as well as patients older than 40 years. This is a modern modification of the Super LASIK technique when two types of laser are used at once. A femtosecond laser forms a corneal flap, and an excimer laser vaporizes corneal cells according to an individual program.


A method with one of the shortest recovery periods. The fact is that thankfully  to a special technology, a corneal flap is not formed during the procedure as well as a shift in the corneal epithelium is not required. That is, the upper corneal layers are not damaged and do not need healing. 

Tissue-safe LASIK (found by the doctor of medical sciences Belikova E.I.)

A special technique for protecting the patient’s eye surface before, during correction and in the postoperative period avoids complications and accelerates the recovery period. PRK one of the first laser correction methods invented in 1986. With PRK, a corneal flap is not formed, and before the main corneal tissue is vaporized, the epithelium is displaced mechanically or by laser. After correction, a soft contact lens is put on the patient’s eye to avoid lacrimation and discomfort. This technique is used for mild to moderate refractive errors (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism) and a thin cornea.

Preparation for laser correction

  • Do not wear contact lenses five to seven days before the procedure - they can change the curvature of the cornea, which will interfere with a positive result.
  • Use moisturizing eye drops.
  • Carefully read your doctor’s instructions for all recommendations before and after the correction. 

On the day of the operation

  • Do not use decorative cosmetics and perfumes - perfumes, cologne and other alcohol-containing products.
  • Bring your own  sunglasses, a cotton T-shirt and slippers to the clinic.
  • On the day of the operation, we do not recommend driving if you are accompanied by an escort.

After surgery

  • Do not wash your face during the first day after surgery.
  • The next morning, come for a scheduled appointment.
  • Drop drops according to the scheme recommended by your doctor.
  • Do not use makeup 10 days after correction.
  • Wash your hair gently, throwing it back a week.
  • Take a shower not higher than the neck area during the correction day
  • Do not visit crowded places 3 days after the procedure
  • Exclude prolonged contact with water (do not swim in ponds or a pool, do not visit the sauna) and try not to rub your eyes for one month
  • Full recovery takes from 7 to 30 days - depending on the complexity of the refractive error.


A number of diseases can not be laser corrected:

  • Cataract (except in cases where visual acuity decreases slightly)
  • Glaucoma
  • Keratoconus
  • Severe diabetic retinopathy
  • Retinal dystrophy
  • Retinal detachment

The following conditions may also limit the use of laser correction:

  • Infectious eye diseases (acute keratitis, conjunctivitis, iridocytitis, iridocytosis keratitis)
  • Severe somatic diseases (arthritis, scleroderma, severe diabetes mellitus)
  • Neurotrophic diseases (decreased sensory corneal morbidity)
  • Mental disorders
  • Alcoholism and drug addiction
  • Pregnancy and the entire period of breast-feeding until the hormonal level is restored
  • Severe lagophthalmos (violation of the process of closing the eyelids).

Take a comprehensive examination at the Eye Clinic of Dr. Belikova. We are actively introducing modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of diseases of varying degrees of complexity. Our experienced doctors are always happy to help you.